It may not be apparent to everyone today, but written constitutions are a relatively modern phenomenon. The two earliest examples date only from the late eighteenth century, and come from two countries, decidedly different at first glance: America and Poland.
The first one was a federation of newly independent colonies that would become the most powerful country in the modern world; the other one was then a major European power and the largest state on the continent
, stretching from the shores of the Baltic in the north to the Black Sea in the south.
Read more: http://nationalinterest.org/feature/poland-europes-forgotten-democratic-ancestor-16073